Direct Observation of Semimetal Contact Induced Charge Doping and Strain Effect in CVD-Grown Monolayer MoS2 Transistors

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Direct Observation of Semimetal Contact Induced Charge Doping and Strain Effect in CVD-Grown Monolayer MoS2 Transistors
Title:
Direct Observation of Semimetal Contact Induced Charge Doping and Strain Effect in CVD-Grown Monolayer MoS2 Transistors
Journal Title:
Advanced Electronic Materials
Keywords:
Publication Date:
05 March 2024
Citation:
Feng, X., Yu, Z. G., Guo, H., Li, Y., Zhang, Y., & Ang, K. (2024). Direct Observation of Semimetal Contact Induced Charge Doping and Strain Effect in CVD‐Grown Monolayer MoS2 Transistors. Advanced Electronic Materials, 10(6). Portico. https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.202300820
Abstract:
AbstractTwo‐dimensional Materials (2DMs) offer significant promise for advancing device miniaturization and extending Moore's law. Despite the challenges posed by high contact resistance in transistors, recent discoveries highlight semimetals as an effective approach for achieving ohmic contact with near‐quantum‐limit contact resistance. The energy band hybridization between semimetal and MoS2 is found to create degenerate states and heavily doped contact, which is proposed as the underlying mechanism responsible for reducing contact resistance. However, a quantitative and comprehensive characterization of the semimetal‐MoS2 interface is lacking, leaving the physical interactions elusive. This study reveals that semimetals induce n‐type doping and tensile strain in monolayer MoS2 grown using CVD, which serve as the contact resistance and mobility boosters. Among the semimetals investigated, including Bismuth (Bi), Antimony (Sb), and their alloy, Bi results in the highest electron doping of 2 × 1013 cm−2 and a 0.5% tensile strain, leading to reduced contact resistance and enhanced mobility. First‐principles calculations and spectroscopy measurements unveil the impact of electron doping and strain in MoS2, and the thermal effects are subsequently explored. This research underscores the potential of semimetals in boosting device performance and lays the foundation for reducing contact resistance in transistors made from 2D materials.
License type:
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the National Research Foundation - Competitive Research Programme
Grant Reference no. : NRF-CRP24-2020-0002
Description:
ISSN:
2199-160X