AutoFi: Toward Automatic Wi-Fi Human Sensing via Geometric Self-Supervised Learning

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AutoFi: Toward Automatic Wi-Fi Human Sensing via Geometric Self-Supervised Learning
Title:
AutoFi: Toward Automatic Wi-Fi Human Sensing via Geometric Self-Supervised Learning
Journal Title:
IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Publication Date:
13 December 2022
Citation:
Yang, J., Chen, X., Zou, H., Wang, D., & Xie, L. (2023). AutoFi: Toward Automatic Wi-Fi Human Sensing via Geometric Self-Supervised Learning. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 10(8), 7416–7425. https://doi.org/10.1109/jiot.2022.3228820
Abstract:
Wi-Fi sensing technology has shown superiority in smart homes among various sensors for its cost-effective and privacy-preserving merits. It is empowered by channel state information (CSI) extracted from Wi-Fi signals and advanced machine learning models to analyze motion patterns in CSI. Many learning-based models have been proposed for kinds of applications, but they severely suffer from environmental dependency. Though domain adaptation methods have been proposed to tackle this issue, it is not practical to collect high-quality, well-segmented, and balanced CSI samples in a new environment for adaptation algorithms, but randomly captured CSI samples can be easily collected. In this article, we first explore how to learn a robust model from these low-quality CSI samples, and propose AutoFi, an annotation-efficient Wi-Fi sensing model based on a novel geometric self-supervised learning algorithm. The AutoFi fully utilizes unlabeled low-quality CSI samples that are captured randomly, and then transfers the knowledge to specific tasks defined by users, which is the first work to achieve cross-task transfer in Wi-Fi sensing. The AutoFi is implemented on a pair of Atheros Wi-Fi APs for evaluation. The AutoFi transfers knowledge from randomly collected CSI samples into human gait recognition and achieves state-of-the-art performance. Furthermore, we simulate cross-task transfer using public data sets to further demonstrate its capacity for cross-task learning. For the UT-HAR and Widar data sets, the AutoFi achieves satisfactory results on activity recognition and gesture recognition without any prior training. We believe that AutoFi takes a huge step toward automatic Wi-Fi sensing without any developer engagement. Our codes have been included in https://github.com/xyanchen/Wi-Fi-CSI-Sensing-Benchmark .
License type:
Publisher Copyright
Funding Info:
There was no specific funding for the research done
Description:
ISSN:
2372-2541
2327-4662
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