Impact of spray angle and particle velocity in cold sprayed IN718 coatings

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Impact of spray angle and particle velocity in cold sprayed IN718 coatings
Title:
Impact of spray angle and particle velocity in cold sprayed IN718 coatings
Journal Title:
Surface and Coatings Technology
Publication Date:
13 May 2023
Citation:
Seng, D. H. L., Zhang, Z., Zhang, Z.-Q., Meng, T. L., Teo, S. L., Tan, B. H., Loi, Q., Pan, J., & Ba, T. (2023). Impact of spray angle and particle velocity in cold sprayed IN718 coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 466, 129623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2023.129623
Abstract:
Cold spray (CS) deposition has potential applications in repair technology or additive manufacturing due to its ability to operate at low temperatures, achieve high deposition rates, and produce thick, dense coatings. For adoption of CS in repair applications, it is crucial to evaluate the influence of spray angles since geometry of repair zones are typically complex and non-flat. In this work, we investigated the influence of spray angles and particle velocities on the cold spray deposition of Inconel 718 (IN718) powder particles using N2 as propellant gas. Three oblique spray angles including 50, 60 and 70 ° were compared with the 90 ° normal spray angle for cold spray deposition of IN718 powders on Al6061 substrate. Three sets of cold spray parameters at each spray angle, giving particle velocities from 820 to 920 m/s were employed to study their effect on the coating properties. Particle velocity was found to have greater impact on coating porosity compared to spray angle. Coating with lowest porosity and lowest surface roughness but highest compressive surface residual stress was achieved with deposition at lowest spray angle (50 º) and highest particle velocity (920 m/s). Changing the spray angle has greater influence on the deposition efficiency, with thickest coating observed at normal spray angle of 90 ° across all three cold spray conditions. Finite element method (FEM) simulations were also performed to understand the influence of powder and substrate temperatures on critical angles for bonding. The simulation results suggest that elevating the powder temperature is likely to cause a slight increase in the critical bonding angle.
License type:
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) - Machining Learning Assisted Control of Metal Cold Spray and Shot Peening Processes Program
Grant Reference no. : A1894a0032

This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) - Structural Metal Alloy Program
Grant Reference no. : A18b1B0061

This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) - Singapore Aerospace Program
Grant Reference no. : A1915a0073

This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) - Singapore Aerospace Program
Grant Reference no. : A1915a0082

This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) - IHPC-NUS FOE collaboration project
Grant Reference no. : IHPC/EM/C21-002

This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) - High-strength Lightweight Metals and Soft Magnetic Materials
Grant Reference no. : A1898b0043
Description:
ISSN:
0257-8972
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