The longitudinal association between early-life screen viewing and abdominal adiposity—findings from a multiethnic birth cohort study

The longitudinal association between early-life screen viewing and abdominal adiposity—findings from a multiethnic birth cohort study
Title:
The longitudinal association between early-life screen viewing and abdominal adiposity—findings from a multiethnic birth cohort study
Other Titles:
International Journal of Obesity
Publication Date:
09 June 2021
Citation:
Padmapriya, N., Tint, M.-T., Sadananthan, S. A., Michael, N., Chen, B., Cai, S., … Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2021). The longitudinal association between early-life screen viewing and abdominal adiposity—findings from a multiethnic birth cohort study. International Journal of Obesity, 45(9), 1995–2005. doi:10.1038/s41366-021-00864-9
Abstract:
Abstract Importance Screen viewing in adults has been associated with greater abdominal adiposity, with the magnitude of associations varying by sex and ethnicity, but the evidence is lacking at younger ages. We aimed to investigate sex- and ethnic-specific associations of screen-viewing time at ages 2 and 3 years with abdominal adiposity measured by magnetic resonance imaging at age 4.5 years. Methods The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes is an ongoing prospective mother–offspring cohort study. Parents/caregivers reported the time their child spent viewing television, handheld devices, and computer screens at ages 2 and 3 years. Superficial and deep subcutaneous and visceral abdominal adipose tissue volumes were quantified from magnetic resonance images acquired at age 4.5 years. Associations between screen-viewing time and abdominal adipose tissue volumes were examined by multivariable linear regression adjusting for confounding factors. Results In the overall sample (n = 307), greater total screen-viewing time and handheld device times were associated with higher superficial and deep subcutaneous adipose tissue volumes, but not with visceral adipose tissue volumes. Interactions with child sex were found, with significant associations with superficial and deep subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue volumes in boys, but not in girls. Among boys, the increases in mean (95% CI) superficial and deep subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue volumes were 24.3 (9.9, 38.7), 17.6 (7.4, 27.8), and 7.8 (2.1, 13.6) mL per hour increase in daily total screen-viewing time, respectively. Ethnicity-specific analyses showed associations of total screen-viewing time with abdominal adiposity only in Malay children. Television viewing time was not associated with abdominal adiposity. Conclusion Greater total screen-viewing time (and in particular, handheld device viewing time) was associated with higher abdominal adiposity in boys and Malay children. Additional studies are necessary to confirm these associations and to examine screen-viewing interventions for preventing excessive abdominal adiposity and its adverse cardiometabolic consequences.
License type:
Publisher Copyright
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the Singapore National Research Foundation - Translational and Clinical Research Flagship Programme
Grant Reference no. : NMRC/TCR/004-NUS/2008; NMRC/TCR/012-NUHS/2014
Description:
This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in International Journal of Obesity. The final authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41366-021-00864-9
ISSN:
1476-5497
0307-0565
1476-5497
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