Virtual screening of potentially endocrine‑disrupting chemicals against nuclear receptors and its application to identify PPARγ‑bound fatty acids

Virtual screening of potentially endocrine‑disrupting chemicals against nuclear receptors and its application to identify PPARγ‑bound fatty acids
Title:
Virtual screening of potentially endocrine‑disrupting chemicals against nuclear receptors and its application to identify PPARγ‑bound fatty acids
Other Titles:
Archives of Toxicology
DOI:
10.1007/s00204-020-02897-x
Publication Date:
09 September 2020
Citation:
Jaladanki, C.K., He, Y., Zhao, L.N. et al. Virtual screening of potentially endocrine-disrupting chemicals against nuclear receptors and its application to identify PPARγ-bound fatty acids. Arch Toxicol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00204-020-02897-x
Abstract:
Nuclear receptors (NRs) are key regulators of energy homeostasis, body development, and sexual reproduction. Xenobiotics binding to NRs may disrupt natural hormonal systems and induce undesired adverse effects in the body. However, many chemicals of concerns have limited or no experimental data on their potential or lack-of-potential endocrine-disrupting effects. Here, we propose a virtual screening method based on molecular docking for predicting potential endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that bind to NRs. For 12 NRs, we systematically analyzed how multiple crystal structures can be used to distinguish actives and inactives found in previous high-throughput experiments. Our method is based on (i) consensus docking scores from multiple structures at a single functional state (agonist-bound or antagonist-bound), (ii) multiple functional states (agonist-bound and antagonist-bound), and (iii) multiple pockets (orthosteric site and alternative sites) of these NRs. We found that the consensus enrichment from multiple structures is better than or comparable to the best enrichment from a single structure. The discriminating power of this consensus strategy was further enhanced by a chemical similarity-weighted scoring scheme, yielding better or comparable enrichment for all studied NRs. Applying this optimized method, we screened 252 fatty acids against peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and successfully identified 3 previously unknown fatty acids with Kd = 100-250 μM including two furan fatty acids: furannonanoic acid (FNA) and furanundecanoic acid (FUA), and one cyclopropane fatty acid: phytomonic acid (PTA). These results suggested that the proposed method can be used to rapidly screen and prioritize potential
License type:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Funding Info:
This work is supported by Biomedical Research Council of Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) and the ToxMAD project under the Innovations in Food and Chemical Safety Programme (Grant No. H18/01/a0/B14)
Description:
ISSN:
0340-5761
1432-0738
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