Gupta Preeti, Eyn Kidd Man Ryan, K. Fenwick Eva, Aravindhan Amudha, TL Gan Alfred, Thakur Sahil, Lin Pauline Soh Bao, M Wood Joanne, A Black Alex, Chan Angelique, Ng David, Khim Hean Teoh, Goh Edwin, Foong-Fong Mary Chong, Loo Jenny, Gerard Forde Ciaran, Sabanayagam Charumathi, Cheng Ching-Yu, Yin Wong Tien, L. Lamoureux Ecosse. Rationale and Methodology of The PopulatION HEalth and Eye Disease PRofile in Elderly Singaporeans Study [PIONEER][J]. , 2020, 0(0): https://doi.org/10.14336/AD.2020.0206
To describe the rationale, design and methodology of a geographically-representative and population-based study investigating the epidemiology, impact, personal and economic burden of age-related eye diseases, declining visual and other sensory systems in Asians aged >60 years in Singapore.PIONEER (The PopulatION HEalth and Eye Disease PRofilE in Elderly Singaporeans Study) is currently a cross-sectional study targeting 3152 Chinese, Malay and Indian adults who are Singapore citizens or permanent residents aged 60 years and older living across Singapore. The study is intended to be longitudinal, with several waves of data planned to be collected in the future. The sampling frame consisted of 7000 names derived from age, gender and ethnicity-stratified random sampling of individuals >60 years. Selected individuals were invited via letters, home visits, and telephone calls for a clinical assessment at the Singapore Eye Research Institute. Individuals with limited mobility were examined in a custom-designed mobile eye clinic. Questionnaires were subsequently administered at participants’ homes by trained interviewers in their preferred language. A total of 3,299 participants (from East, West, North and South Singapore) were approached from December 2017 to November 2019. Of these, 953 (28.5%) were deemed ineligible. Out of 2,346 eligible participants, 904 (38.5%) refused, and 1,442 (61.5%) attended our clinical testing protocol, giving an initial response rate of 61.5%. Of these, 1,170 (81%) were cognitively able to complete the questionnaire assessment. The mean age±SD of our participants was 73.8±8.6 years; n=798 (55.3%) were female; and 828 (57.4%) were of Chinese ethnicity. The findings from this study will allow a deeper understanding of the risk factors and impact of aging in Asian populations, particularly in relation to the visual function and other functional system.
Singapore National Medical Research Council (NMRC-CSA-SI #JRNMRR140601) & BMRC Transition Funds H16/99/b0/007
The full paper is available for download at the publisher's URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.14336/AD.2020.0206