Control of the Corrosion of Magnesium for Implant Application by Hydrothermally Deposited Biodegradable Calcium Phosphate Coating

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Control of the Corrosion of Magnesium for Implant Application by Hydrothermally Deposited Biodegradable Calcium Phosphate Coating
Title:
Control of the Corrosion of Magnesium for Implant Application by Hydrothermally Deposited Biodegradable Calcium Phosphate Coating
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The Electrochemical Society (ECS) Spring/Fall meetings, 24-May-2015 to 28-May-2015, Chicago, USA
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Publication Date:
01 May 2015
Citation:
S. Kaabi Falahieh Asl, S. Nemeth, and M. J. Tan, "Control of the Corrosion of Magnesium for Implant Application by Hydrothermally Deposited Biodegradable Calcium Phosphate Coating", The Electrochemical Society (ECS) Spring/Fall meetings, 24-May-2015 to 28-May-2015, Chicago, USA
Abstract:
The corrosion protection of hydrothermally deposited calcium phosphate coatings on AZ31 magnesium alloy was studied for their potential use in biocompatible and bioresorbable temporary implants. The coating mainly consisted of calcium phosphate phases (monetite and tricalcium phosphate). Potentiodynamic and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) confirmed that the coatings provided varying levels of corrosion protection depending on the coating deposition temperature and duration. EIS results showed that the size of capacitance loops and the absolute impedance value (|Z|) increases by increasing the deposition temperature and corresponding growth in coating thickness. In agreement with the electrochemical experiments, immersion tests in simulated body fluid also indicated large improvement in corrosion protection as the mass loss was significantly reduced when coating was applied as compared to the bare metal. Using the thickest coating obtained at 190 °C deposition temperature, the corrosion current density of the coated magnesium was 10,000 fold lower compared to the bare metal. This result confirmed that the new hydrothermal coating is suitable to protect Mg implant against corrosion with further advantage of being bioactive and biodegradable.
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Funding Info:
This research was supported by A*STAR, under its Singapore International Graduate Award (SINGA) scheme; by Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, A*STAR; and Nanyang Technological University. Grant number is not applicable.
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The provided article is a description of the research presented at the conference.
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