G. Zhai, Z. N. Chen and X. Qing, "Enhanced Isolation of a Closely Spaced Four-Element MIMO Antenna System Using Metamaterial Mushroom," in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 3362-3370, Aug. 2015. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2434403
A double-layer mushroom structure is proposed to enhance the interelement isolation of a four-element antenna system, wherein four closely positioned substrate-integrated cavity-backed slot (SICBS) antenna elements are configured for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) applications. A wall with a double-layer mushroom structure is positioned in between the four antenna elements. An antenna prototype with a ground plane size of 0.96 λo × 0.96 λo (λo is the free space-wavelength at 2.4 GHz) demonstrates an enhanced interelement isolation of 16 dB for parallel-directed antenna element pairs, while the isolation of the orthogonally directed antenna element pairs remains unchanged over the operating bandwidth (|S11| <; -10 dB) of 2.396 -2.45 GHz. With the enhanced isolation larger than 42 dB between each antenna element pair, the envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) is lower than 0.02 across the operating bandwidth. The simulated and measured results validate the good MIMO diversity performance of the proposed antenna system.
(c) 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.