Dermatologists mainly entrust visual clinical examinations in conjunction with histopathology for an informed skin condition diagnosis, which is invasive and not adequate to assess skin conditions still present in subcutaneous skin layers. With emerging complementary imaging and spectroscopic technologies currently available, the assessment of skin conditions is more accessible than before. This review article will cover these technologies including: photoacoustic imaging, reflectance confocal microscopy, multiphoton microscopy, optical coherence tomography and confocal Raman spectroscopy. The basic concepts of these technologies and their configurations will be touched on, together with their limitations and future directions. The review article will discuss how these technologies are utilized for cutaneous applications, examining studies accomplished either in vivo on humans or on ex vivo human specimens.