Sleep duration and growth outcomes across the first two years of life in the GUSTO study

Sleep duration and growth outcomes across the first two years of life in the GUSTO study
Title:
Sleep duration and growth outcomes across the first two years of life in the GUSTO study
Other Titles:
Sleep Medicine
Keywords:
Publication Date:
17 July 2015
Citation:
Yi Zhou, Izzuddin M. Aris, Sara Shuhui Tan, Shirong Cai, Mya Thway Tint, Gita Krishnaswamy, Michael J. Meaney, Keith M. Godfrey, Kenneth Kwek, Peter D. Gluckman, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Ngee Lek, Joshua J. Gooley, Yung Seng Lee, Sleep duration and growth outcomes across the first two years of life in the GUSTO study, Sleep Medicine, Volume 16, Issue 10, 2015, Pages 1281-1286, ISSN 1389-9457, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2015.07.006.
Abstract:
Background and aim: Short sleep duration is thought to be a factor contributing to increased body mass index (BMI) in both school-age children and adults. Our aim was to determine whether sleep duration associates with growth outcomes during the first two years of life. Study design: Participants included 899 children enrolled in the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort study. Anthropometric data (weight and body length) and parental reports of sleep duration were collected at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months of age. A mixed-model analysis was used to evaluate the longitudinal association of BMI and body length with sleep duration. In subgroup analyses, effects of ethnicity (Chinese, Indian, and Malay) and short sleep at three months of age (≤12 h per day) were examined on subsequent growth measures. Results: In the overall cohort, sleep duration was significantly associated with body length (β = 0.028, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.002-0.053, p = 0.033), but not BMI, after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Only in Malay children, shorter sleep was associated with a higher BMI (β = -0.042, 95% CI -0.071 to -0.012, p = 0.005) and shorter body length (β = 0.079, 95% CI 0.030-0.128, p = 0.002). In addition, shorter sleep was associated with a higher BMI and shorter body length in children who slept ≤12 h per day at three months of age. Conclusion: The association between sleep duration and growth outcomes begins in infancy. The small but significant relationship between sleep and growth anthropometric measures in early life might be amplified in later childhood.
License type:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Funding Info:
The GUSTO birth cohort study is funded by the National Research Foundation (NRF), Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore, through its “Translational Clinical Research (TCR) Flagship Program on Developmental Pathways to Metabolic Disease” (DevOS), with fund–administration by the National Medical Research Council (NMRC), Ministry of Health – NMRC/TCR/004-NUS/2008. Additional support was provided by the Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences (SICS), under the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), and the Duke-NUS Signature Research Program funded by A*STAR and the Ministry of Health -Singapore.
Description:
ISSN:
1389-9457
1878-5506
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