Mohesh Moothanchery, Renzhe Bi, Jin Young Kim, Seungwan Jeon, Chulhong Kim, and Malini Olivo, "Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy based on multimode fibers," Biomed. Opt. Express 9, 1190-1197 (2018)
Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) is a multiscale imaging technique. In optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM), a single mode (SM) fiber is normally used as the source of optical excitation to be focused into a diffraction-limited spot. Recent advances in OR-PAM have improved its imaging speed using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Here we report for the first time the use of a multimode (MM) fiber as the optical excitation source for high resolution OR-PAM in vivo imaging. A high-speed MEMS scanner based OR-PAM system combined with the mechanical movement to provide wide area imaging was used. The use of multimode fiber for achieving tight optical focus would make the optical alignment easier and high repetition rate light delivery possible for high-speed OR-PAM imaging. A lateral resolution of 3.5 µm and axial resolution of 27 µm with ~1.5 mm imaging depth was successfully demonstrated using the system. The efficacy of multimode fibers for achieving tight focus is beneficial for developing high-resolution photoacoustic endoscopy systems and can be combined with other optical endoscopic imaging modalities as well.
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