Yang, S.; M. R., A.R.; Kaminski, J.; Pepin, H. Opportunities for Industry 4.0 to Support Remanufacturing. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1177.
Remanufacturing is the process of bringing end-of-life products back to good-as-new. It plays a critical role in decoupling economic growth from growth in resource use, and in accelerating the circular economy. However, the uptake of remanufacturing activities faces obstacles. This paper reviews the challenges encountered by the remanufacturing sector and discusses how the Industry 4.0 revolution could help to effectively address these issues and unlock the potential of remanufacturing. Two case studies are included in this paper to exemplify how technology enablers from Industry 4.0 can increase efficiency, reliability, and digitization of the remanufacturing process.