Bingbing Wu, Shunhui Wei, Natalia Petersen, Yusuf Ali, Xiaorui Wang, Taulant Bacaj, Patrik Rorsman, Wanjin Hong, Thomas C. Südhof, and Weiping Han Synaptotagmin-7 phosphorylation mediates GLP-1–dependent potentiation of insulin secretion from β-cells PNAS 2015 112 (32) 9996-10001; published ahead of print July 27, 2015, doi:10.1073/pnas.1513004112
Glucose stimulates insulin secretion from β-cells by increasing intracellular Ca2+. Ca2+ then binds to synaptotagmin-7 as a major Ca2+ sensor for exocytosis, triggering secretory granule fusion and insulin secretion. In type-2 diabetes, insulin secretion is impaired; this impairment is ameliorated by glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) or by GLP-1 receptor agonists, which improve glucose homeostasis. However, the mechanism by which GLP-1 receptor agonists boost insulin secretion remains unclear. Here, we report that GLP-1 stimulates protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent phosphorylation of synaptotagmin-7 at serine-103, which enhances glucose- and Ca2+-stimulated insulin secretion and accounts for the improvement of glucose homeostasis by GLP-1. A phospho-mimetic synaptotagmin-7 mutant enhances Ca2+-triggered exocytosis, whereas a phospho-inactive synaptotagmin-7 mutant disrupts GLP-1 potentiation of insulin secretion. Our findings thus suggest that synaptotagmin-7 is directly activated by GLP-1 signaling and may serve as a drug target for boosting insulin secretion. Moreover, our data reveal, to our knowledge, the first physiological modulation of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis by direct phosphorylation of a synaptotagmin.
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