Human long non-coding RNAs promote pluripotency and neuronal differentiation by association with chromatin modifiers and transcription factors

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Human long non-coding RNAs promote pluripotency and neuronal differentiation by association with chromatin modifiers and transcription factors
Title:
Human long non-coding RNAs promote pluripotency and neuronal differentiation by association with chromatin modifiers and transcription factors
Journal Title:
The EMBO Journal
Keywords:
Publication Date:
23 December 2011
Citation:
Ng, S.-Y., Johnson, R. & Stanton, L. W. Human long non-coding RNAs promote pluripotency and neuronal differentiation by association with chromatin modifiers and transcription factors. The EMBO Journal 31, 522–533 (2012).
Abstract:
Long non‐coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a numerous class of newly discovered genes in the human genome, which have been proposed to be key regulators of biological processes, including stem cell pluripotency and neurogenesis. However, at present very little functional characterization of lncRNAs in human differentiation has been carried out. In the present study, we address this using human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) as a paradigm for pluripotency and neuronal differentiation. With a newly developed method, hESCs were robustly and efficiently differentiated into neurons, and we profiled the expression of thousands of lncRNAs using a custom‐designed microarray. Some hESC‐specific lncRNAs involved in pluripotency maintenance were identified, and shown to physically interact with SOX2, and PRC2 complex component, SUZ12. Using a similar approach, we identified lncRNAs required for neurogenesis. Knockdown studies indicated that loss of any of these lncRNAs blocked neurogenesis, and immunoprecipitation studies revealed physical association with REST and SUZ12. This study indicates that lncRNAs are important regulators of pluripotency and neurogenesis, and represents important evidence for an indispensable role of lncRNAs in human brain development.
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PublisherCopyrights
Funding Info:
Description:
Full paper can be downloaded from the Publisher's URL provided.
ISSN:
0261-4189
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