The development and validation of a macronutrient and taste preference ranking task in multiethnic Asian population

Page view(s)
137
Checked on May 16, 2024
The development and validation of a macronutrient and taste preference ranking task in multiethnic Asian population
Title:
The development and validation of a macronutrient and taste preference ranking task in multiethnic Asian population
Journal Title:
Food Quality and Preference
Publication Date:
16 February 2024
Citation:
Shua, I. Y. L., Dewinta, R. P., Sze Teo, P., Low, D. Y., Bhaskaran, K., Loh, W. N., Yen Peng, L., Chambers, J., & Mina, T. (2024). The development and validation of a macronutrient and taste preference ranking task in multiethnic Asian population. Food Quality and Preference, 116, 105135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2024.105135
Abstract:
Understanding how changes in individual food preferences in a dynamic environment translate into dietary choices helps to unravel the aetiology of suboptimal nutrition in the population. To facilitate the measurements of food preferences in a multiethnic Asian population, we aimed to develop and validate the Macronutrient and Taste Preference Ranking Task (MTPRT) in an Asian population. We shortlisted 1770 local food items based on the predominant macronutrient groups (≥50 % macronutrient content is protein or fat or carbohydrates), classified their taste clusters, standard-photographed a final list of 36 food items, and developed an electronic survey through cognitive interviews with 30 participants. We then validated the MTPRT amongst 66 participants (mean (SD) age = 47.4 (11.7) years, 57.6 % male, with Chinese: Malay: Indian ethnicity ratio 3:1:1), through random crossover administration of sweet and savoury standard meals with equivalent macronutrients across 2 study visits over a week. The average duration taken to complete MTPRT was 14.1 (5.3) minutes. The sweet and savoury taste preference scores were inversely correlated (r = -0.9, p < 0.0001). The liking and preference for savoury taste were reduced after consuming savoury meals (p = 0.0009). The intra-person correlations for MTPRT scores were all r > 0.6, p < 0.001. The macronutrient preference scores were all positively associated with the self-reported macronutrient intakes derived from the Food Frequency Questionnaire, independent of sex, age, ethnicity, and BMI. Our study demonstrates the validity and reproducibility of MTPRT in multiethnic Asian populations for future evaluation of food preferences in multiethnic Asian population.
License type:
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the Nanyang Technological University - Undergraduate Research Experience on CAmpus (URECA) programme
Grant Reference no. : NA

This research / project is supported by the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine Early Research Network - Innovation Award 2021
Grant Reference no. : NA

This research / project is supported by the Ministry of Health’s (MOH) / National Medical Research Council (NMRC) - Singapore Translational Research (StaR) funding scheme
Grant Reference no. : NMRC/StaR/0028/2017

This research / project is supported by the National Medical Research Council (NMRC) / Precision Health Research (PRECISE) - National Precision Medicine programme
Grant Reference no. : NMRC/PRECISE/2020

This research / project is supported by the National Technological University, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine and the National Healthcare Group - intramural funding
Grant Reference no. : NA

This research / project is supported by the Ministry of Health’s National Medical Research Council (NMRC) - OF-LCG funding scheme
Grant Reference no. : MOH-000271-00

Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine Dean's Postdoctoral Fellowship
Description:
ISSN:
0950-3293