Chinnadurai, D., Lieu, W. Y., Kumar, S., Yang, G., Li, Y., & Seh, Z. W. (2023). A Passivation-Free Solid Electrolyte Interface Regulated by Magnesium Bromide Additive for Highly Reversible Magnesium Batteries. Nano Letters, 23(4), 1564–1572. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.3c00033
Highly reversible Mg battery chemistry demands a suitable electrolyte formulation highly compatible with currently available electrodes. In general, conventional electrolytes form a passivation layer on the Mg anode, requiring the use of MgCl2 additives that lead to severe corrosion of cell components and low anodic stability. Herein, for the first time, we conducted a comparative study of a series of Mg halides as potential electrolyte additives in conventional magnesium bis(hexamethyldisilazide)-based electrolytes. A novel electrolyte formulation that includes MgBr2 showed unprecedented performance in magnesium plating/stripping, with an average Coulombic efficiency of 99.26% over 1000 cycles at 0.5 mA/cm2 and 0.5 mAh/cm2. Further analysis revealed the in situ formation of a robust Mg anode–electrolyte interface, which leads to dendrite-free Mg deposition and stable cycling performance in a Mg–Mo6S8 battery over 100 cycles. This study demonstrates the rational formulation of a novel MgBr2-based electrolyte with high anodic stability of 3.1 V for promising future applications.
This research is supported by core funding from: SERC
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