The Effects of Acute Social Media Exposure on Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behavior of Male and Female Students

Page view(s)
235
Checked on Apr 09, 2024
The Effects of Acute Social Media Exposure on Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behavior of Male and Female Students
Title:
The Effects of Acute Social Media Exposure on Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behavior of Male and Female Students
Journal Title:
Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Publication Date:
01 August 2022
Citation:
Pink, A. E., Lim, P. X. H., Sim, A. Y., & Cheon, B. K. (2022). The Effects of Acute Social Media Exposure on Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Behavior of Male and Female Students. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 41(4), 365–397. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2022.41.4.365
Abstract:
Introduction: Experimental research has examined the effect of social media on body dissatisfaction, but little attention has been given to the impact on eating behavior. Across two studies, we tested the causal relationship between acute social media use, body dissatisfaction and eating behavior. Methods: In Study 1, 80 female participants (age: M = 20.75 years; BMI: M = 21.3) viewed their own Facebook account or a news website before completing a portion size selection task. In Study 2 (pre-registered), 148 participants (81 females; age: M = 20.92 years; BMI: M = 22.19), viewed their own or an experimenter-curated Instagram profile before consuming potato chips ad-libitum. Results: In Study 1, body dissatisfaction was significantly higher in participants who viewed Facebook (compared to a news website) and significantly mediated the effect of condition on portion size selection. In Study 2, regardless of condition females reported significantly smaller ideal body sizes and higher body dissatisfaction compared to males. When females reported a thinner body size as ideal, females in the personal Instagram consumed significantly less potato chips than those in the control Instagram condition. When males reported a smaller actual body size, males in the personal Instagram condition consumed significantly less potato chips than males in the control Instagram condition. Discussion: Findings suggest brief bouts of social media use may produce immediate disruptions to body image of both sexes, and restrained snack intake of females endorsing thin ideals.
License type:
Publisher Copyright
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the Nanyang Technological University - Nanyang Assistant Professorship (NAP)
Grant Reference no. : M4081643

This research / project is supported by the Ministry of Education - Academic Research Fund Tier 1
Grant Reference no. : 2018-T1-002-024
Description:
ISSN:
0736-7236
Files uploaded:

File Size Format Action
jcsp-sm-manuscript-accepted-oar.pdf 545.27 KB PDF Open