Semi-Supervised Deep Adversarial Forest for Cross-Environment Localization

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Semi-Supervised Deep Adversarial Forest for Cross-Environment Localization
Semi-Supervised Deep Adversarial Forest for Cross-Environment Localization
Journal Title:
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Publication Date:
13 June 2022
Cui, W., Zhang, L., Li, B., Chen, Z., Wu, M., Li, X., & Kang, J. (2022). Semi-Supervised Deep Adversarial Forest for Cross-Environment Localization. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 71(9), 10215–10219.
Extracting channel state information (CSI) from WiFi signals is of proved high-effectiveness in locating human locations in a device-free manner. However, existing localization/positioning systems are mainly trained and deployed in a fixed environment, and thus they are likely to suffer from substantial performance declines when immigrating to new environments. In this paper, we address the fundamental problem of WiFi-based cross-environment indoor localization using a semi-supervised approach, in which we only have access to the annotations of the source environment while the data in the target environments are un-annotated. This problem is of high practical values in enabling a well-trained system to be scalable to new environments without tedious human annotations. To this end, a deep neural forest is introduced which unifies the ensemble learning with the representation learning functionalities from deep neural networks in an end-to-end trainable fashion. On top of that, an adversarial training strategy is further employed to learn environment-invariant feature representations for facilitating more robust localization. Extensive experiments on real-world datasets demonstrate the superiority of the proposed methods over state-of-the-art baselines. Compared with the best-performing baseline, our model excels with an average 12.7% relative improvement on all six evaluation settings.
License type:
Publisher Copyright
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) - Career Development Award
Grant Reference no. : C210112046

National Natural Science Foundation of China (61903231)
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