NDIR CO2 gas sensing using CMOS compatible MEMS ScAlN-based pyroelectric detector

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NDIR CO2 gas sensing using CMOS compatible MEMS ScAlN-based pyroelectric detector
Title:
NDIR CO2 gas sensing using CMOS compatible MEMS ScAlN-based pyroelectric detector
Other Titles:
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Publication Date:
16 July 2021
Citation:
Ng, D. K. T., Ho, C. P., Xu, L., Chen, W., Fu, Y. H., Zhang, T., Siow, L. Y., Jaafar, N., Ng, E. J., Gao, Y., Cai, H., Zhang, Q., & Lee, L. Y. T. (2021). NDIR CO2 gas sensing using CMOS compatible MEMS ScAlN-based pyroelectric detector. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 346, 130437. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2021.130437
Abstract:
We demonstrate NDIR CO2 gas sensing using CMOS compatible MEMS ScAlN-based pyroelectric detectors. The ScAlN-based pyroelectric detectors are fabricated using 8-inch wafer level technology with 12 % Sc-doped AlN deposited at a temperature of ∼200 °C. Together with a blackbody thermal emitter, a 10 cm long enclosed gas channel with only inlet and outlet holes connected to tubings, and testing using 2 different reference gases (N2 and synthetic air), measurements show voltage signal drop due to CO2 gas absorption at the 4.26 μm wavelength at CO2 gas concentrations ranging from 5000 ppm down to 25 ppm. The signal change due to the CO2 gas response ranges from ∼2% at 100 ppm CO2 concentration to ∼40 % at 5000 ppm CO2 gas concentration for both CO2 gas measured in N2 and in synthetic air. CO2 gas response times are also measured for CO2 gas in N2 and in synthetic air at concentrations of 5000 ppm, 1000 ppm and 400 ppm. The gas response times measured around 2 s and lower. Introduction of humidity show some minor effect (<3%) to the CO2 gas response and seems most perturbed at 10 % relative humidity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration using ScAlN-based pyroelectric detectors in NDIR CO2 gas sensing, towards practical sensor applications. The results obtained show promise in using CMOS-compatible MEMS ScAlN-based pyroelectric detectors for NDIR gas sensing, opening up possibilities for low cost, wafer-level, monolithic NDIR gas sensors with small footprint integrated with CMOS circuits.
License type:
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research - RIE2020 Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering (AME) IAF-PP
Grant Reference no. : A1789a0024

This research / project is supported by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research - Novel PAT Sensor
Grant Reference no. : A19B3a0008
Description:
ISSN:
0925-4005