Khanapur, Yong, F. F., Hartimath, S. V., Jiang, L., Ramasamy, B., Cheng, P., Narayanaswamy, P., Goggi, J. L., & Robins, E. G. (2021). An Improved Synthesis of N-(4-[18F]Fluorobenzoyl)-Interleukin-2 for the Preclinical PET Imaging of Tumour-Infiltrating T-cells in CT26 and MC38 Colon Cancer Models. Molecules, 26(6), 1728. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26061728
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of activated T-cells with N-(4-[18F]fluorobenzoyl)-interleukin-2 ([18F]FB-IL-2) may be a promising tool for patient management to aid in the assessment of clinical responses to immune therapeutics. Unfortunately, existing radiosynthetic methods are very low yielding due to complex and time-consuming chemical processes. Herein, we report an improved method for the synthesis of [18F]FB-IL-2, which reduces synthesis time and improves radiochemical yield. With this optimized approach, [18F]FB-IL-2 was prepared with a non-decay-corrected radiochemical yield of 3.8 ± 0.7% from [18F]fluoride, 3.8 times higher than previously reported methods. In vitro experiments showed that the radiotracer was stable with good radiochemical purity (>95%), confirmed its identity and showed preferential binding to activated mouse peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Dynamic PET imaging and ex vivo biodistribution studies in naïve Balb/c mice showed organ distribution and kinetics comparable to earlier published data on [18F]FB-IL-2. Significant improvements in the radiochemical manufacture of [18F]FB-IL-2 facilitates access to this promising PET imaging radiopharmaceutical, which may, in turn, provide useful insights into different tumour phenotypes and a greater understanding of the cellular nature and differential immune microenvironments that are critical to understand and develop new treatments for cancers.
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
This research is supported by core funding from: Institute of Bioengineering and Bioimaging (IBB), Singapore.
Grant Reference no. :