Tunable Nitrogen-Doping of Sulfur Host Nanostructures for Stable and Shuttle-Free Room-Temperature Sodium–Sulfur Batteries

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Tunable Nitrogen-Doping of Sulfur Host Nanostructures for Stable and Shuttle-Free Room-Temperature Sodium–Sulfur Batteries
Title:
Tunable Nitrogen-Doping of Sulfur Host Nanostructures for Stable and Shuttle-Free Room-Temperature Sodium–Sulfur Batteries
Other Titles:
Nano Letters
Publication Date:
14 June 2021
Citation:
Eng, A. Y. S., Wang, Y., Nguyen, D.-T., Tee, S. Y., Lim, C. Y. J., Tan, X. Y., … Seh, Z. W. (2021). Tunable Nitrogen-Doping of Sulfur Host Nanostructures for Stable and Shuttle-Free Room-Temperature Sodium–Sulfur Batteries. Nano Letters. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01763
Abstract:
Room-temperature sodium–sulfur batteries have potential in stationary applications, but challenges such as loss of active sulfur and low electrical conductivity must be solved. Nitrogen-doped nanocarbon host cathodes have been employed in metal–sulfur batteries: polar interactions mitigate the loss of sulfur, while the conductive nanostructure addresses the low conductivity. Nevertheless, these two properties run contrary to each other as greater nitrogen-doping of nanocarbon hosts is associated with lower conductivity. Herein, we investigate the polarity–conductivity dilemma to determine which of these properties have the stronger influence on cycling performance. Lower carbonization temperatures produce more pyridinic nitrogen and pyrrolic nitrogen, which from density functional theory calculations preferentially bind discharge products (Na2S and short-chain polysulfides). Despite its lower conductivity, the highly doped composite showed better Coulombic efficiency and stability, retaining a high capacity of 980 mAh g(S)–1 after 800 cycles. Our findings represent a paradigm shift where nitrogen-doping should be prioritized in designing shuttle-free, long-life sodium–sulfur batteries.
License type:
Publisher Copyright
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the Singapore National Research Foundation - National Research Foundation Fellowship
Grant Reference no. : NRF-NRFF2017-04
Description:
This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Nano Letters, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01763
ISSN:
1530-6984
1530-6992
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