Ooi, Z.-E., Chee, J. Y., Wong, S. L., Lau, C. S., &amp; Goh, K. E. J. (2021). Isoemissive Photoluminescence from a Quaternary System of Valley-Polarized, Defect-Bound Excitons and Trions in Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125(23), 12721–12729. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c00535
Interest in the use of local band extrema, known as valleys, as a possible information carrier has in recent years been advanced by the isolation of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs). In some monolayer TMDCs, the structural inversion asymmetry leads to spin-valley locked states that present potential advantages for information storage and manipulation beyond existing charge- and spin-based semiconductor technologies. However, understanding of the role of defects on exciton recombination and valley scattering remains lacking and limits progress toward applications. Here, we report gate voltage-dependent polarized photoluminescence measurements on CVD-grown monolayer WS2 and MoS2 field-effect transistors and observe a quaternary system of valley polarized excitons and trions. Intriguingly, we find the spectra to exhibit isoemissive points, which were previously seen only as evidence of a binary system. We propose a rate model to explain the existence of isoemission in a quaternary system and find that the presence of isoemissive points imply a kinetic relationship between recombination and valley scattering. This relationship sheds light on the inverse relation seen between the polarization degree and photoluminescence intensity. Further consideration of the phenomenon also led to the identification of a possible new mechanism for charge carrier detrapping using the energy released from trion recombination.
This research / project is supported by the A*STAR - 2D PHAROS
Grant Reference no. : 1527000016
This research / project is supported by the A*STAR - QTE
Grant Reference no. : A1685b0005
This research / project is supported by the Singapore National Research Foundation - CRP
Grant Reference no. : CRP21-2018-0094