Integrated avalanche photodetectors for visible light

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Integrated avalanche photodetectors for visible light
Integrated avalanche photodetectors for visible light
Journal Title:
Nature Communications
Publication Date:
23 March 2021
Yanikgonul, S., Leong, V., Ong, J. R., Hu, T., Siew, S. Y., Png, C. E., & Krivitsky, L. (2021). Integrated avalanche photodetectors for visible light. Nature Communications, 12(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22046-x
AbstractIntegrated photodetectors are essential components of scalable photonics platforms for quantum and classical applications. However, most efforts in the development of such devices to date have been focused on infrared telecommunications wavelengths. Here, we report the first monolithically integrated avalanche photodetector (APD) for visible light. Our devices are based on a doped silicon rib waveguide with a novel end-fire input coupling to a silicon nitride waveguide. We demonstrate a high gain-bandwidth product of 234 ± 25 GHz at 20 V reverse bias measured for 685 nm input light, with a low dark current of 0.12 μA. We also observe open eye diagrams at up to 56 Gbps. This performance is very competitive when benchmarked against other integrated APDs operating in the infrared range. With CMOS-compatible fabrication and integrability with silicon photonic platforms, our devices are attractive for sensing, imaging, communications, and quantum applications at visible wavelengths.
License type:
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the National Research Foundation - NRF CRP
Grant Reference no. : NRF-CRP14-2014-04