Overexpression of the nucleocapsid protein of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus up-regulates CXCL10

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Overexpression of the nucleocapsid protein of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus up-regulates CXCL10
Title:
Overexpression of the nucleocapsid protein of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus up-regulates CXCL10
Journal Title:
Bioscience Reports
Publication Date:
21 September 2018
Citation:
Aboagye, J. O., Yew, C. W., Ng, O.-W., Monteil, V. M., Mirazimi, A., & Tan, Y.-J. (2018). Overexpression of the nucleocapsid protein of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus up-regulates CXCL10. Bioscience Reports, 38(5). doi:10.1042/bsr20181059
Abstract:
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes respiratory diseases in humans and has a high mortality rate. During infection, MERS-CoV regulates several host cellular processes including antiviral response genes. In order to determine if the nucleocapsid protein of MERS-CoV (MERS-N) plays a role in viral–host interactions, a murine monoclonal antibody was generated so as to allow detection of the protein in infected cells as well as in overexpression system. Then, MERS-N was stably overexpressed in A549 cells, and a PCR array containing 84 genes was used to screen for genes transcriptionally regulated by it. Several up-regulated antiviral genes, namely TNF, IL6, IL8, and CXCL10, were selected for independent validation in transiently transfected 293FT cells. Out of these, the overexpression of MERS-N was found to up-regulate CXCL10 at both transcriptional and translational levels. Interestingly, CXCL10 has been reported to be up-regulated in MERS-CoV infected airway epithelial cells and lung fibroblast cells, as well as monocyte-derived macrophages and dendritic cells. High secretions and persistent increase of CXCL10 in MERS-CoV patients have been also associated with severity of disease. To our knowledge, this is the first report showing that the MERS-N protein is one of the contributing factors for CXCL10 up-regulation during infection. In addition, our results showed that a fragment consisting of residues 196–413 in MERS-N is sufficient to up-regulate CXCL10, while the N-terminal domain and serine-arginine (SR)-rich motif of MERS-N do not play a role in this up-regulation.
License type:
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Funding Info:
This research / project is supported by the National University Health System, National University of Singapore - Seed Fund for Basic Science Research
Grant Reference no. : T1-BSRG 2015-04
Description:
ISSN:
0144-8463
1573-4935
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