A High-Performance Magnesium Triflate-based Electrolyte for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries

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A High-Performance Magnesium Triflate-based Electrolyte for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries
Title:
A High-Performance Magnesium Triflate-based Electrolyte for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries
Other Titles:
Cell Reports Physical Science
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Publication Date:
02 December 2020
Citation:
Cell Rep. Phys. Sci. 2020​, 1, 100265
Abstract:
The quest for a suitable electrolyte formulation is pivotal to the success of rechargeable magnesium batteries. A simple conventional electrolyte having high compatibility with magnesium anode and cathode material is in great demand. Herein, we report a simple yet effective electrolyte formulation, comprising magnesium triflate (Mg(OTf)2) and magnesium chloride in monoglyme, that can enable highly reversible, conditioning-free, and homogeneous magnesium deposition. Galvanostatic Mg plating/stripping demonstrates an average Coulombic efficiency of 99.4% over 1,000 cycles. The cells show excellent performance at current densities up to 3 mA cm−2 and areal capacities up to 5 mAh cm−2. Post mortem analysis unveils the formation of a robust solid electrolyte interphase, which leads to improved kinetics at the magnesium electrode. A prototype Mg battery with Mo6S8 cathode demonstrates stable cycling performance over 100 cycles. This study shows that rational design of Mg(OTf)2-based electrolytes is a promising direction toward the realization of high-performance magnesium batteries.
License type:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Funding Info:
This work was supported by the Singapore National Research Foundation (NRF-NRFF2017-04). M.-F.N. acknowledges the National Supercomputing Centre (NSCC) Singapore and A*STAR Computational Resource Centre (A*CRC) of Singapore through the use of its high performance computing facilities. Z.S. was supported by Czech Science Foundation (GACR No. 20-16124J).
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