Toll‐Like Receptor 9 Deficiency Breaks Tolerance to RNA‐Associated Antigens and Up‐Regulates Toll‐Like Receptor 7 Protein in Sle1 Mice

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Toll‐Like Receptor 9 Deficiency Breaks Tolerance to RNA‐Associated Antigens and Up‐Regulates Toll‐Like Receptor 7 Protein in Sle1 Mice
Title:
Toll‐Like Receptor 9 Deficiency Breaks Tolerance to RNA‐Associated Antigens and Up‐Regulates Toll‐Like Receptor 7 Protein in Sle1 Mice
Other Titles:
Arthritis & Rheumatology
Keywords:
Publication Date:
28 April 2018
Citation:
Celhar, T., Yasuga, H., Lee, H.Y., Zharkova, O., Tripathi, S., Thornhill, S.I., Lu, H.K., Au, B., Lim, L.H.K., Thamboo, T.P., Akira, S., Wakeland, E.K., Connolly, J.E. and Fairhurst, A.‐M. (2018), Toll‐Like Receptor 9 Deficiency Breaks Tolerance to RNA‐Associated Antigens and Up‐Regulates Toll‐Like Receptor 7 Protein in Sle1 Mice. Arthritis Rheumatol, 70: 1597-1609. doi:10.1002/art.40535
Abstract:
Objective: Toll‐like receptors (TLRs) 7 and 9 are important innate signaling molecules with opposing roles in the development and progression of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). While multiple studies support the notion of a dependency on TLR‐7 for disease development, genetic ablation of TLR‐9 results in severe disease with glomerulonephritis (GN) by a largely unknown mechanism. This study was undertaken to examine the suppressive role of TLR‐9 in the development of severe lupus in a mouse model. Methods: We crossed Sle1 lupus‐prone mice with TLR‐9–deficient mice to generate Sle1TLR‐9−/− mice. Mice ages 4.5–6.5 months were evaluated for severe autoimmunity by assessing splenomegaly, GN, immune cell populations, autoantibody and total Ig profiles, kidney dendritic cell (DC) function, and TLR‐7 protein expression. Mice ages 8–10 weeks were used for functional B cell studies, Ig profiling, and determination of TLR‐7 expression. Results: Sle1TLR‐9−/− mice developed severe disease similar to TLR‐9–deficient MRL and Nba2 models. Sle1TLR‐9−/− mouse B cells produced more class‐switched antibodies, and the autoantibody repertoire was skewed toward RNA‐containing antigens. GN in these mice was associated with DC infiltration, and purified Sle1TLR‐9−/− mouse renal DCs were more efficient at TLR‐7–dependent antigen presentation and expressed higher levels of TLR‐7 protein. Importantly, this increase in TLR‐7 expression occurred prior to disease development, indicating a role in the initiation stages of tissue destruction. Conclusion: The increase in TLR‐7–reactive immune complexes, and the concomitant enhanced expression of their receptor, promotes inflammation and disease in Sle1TLR9−/− mice.
License type:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Funding Info:
Supported by core funding from Singapore Immunology Network, Agency for Science, Technology, and Research (grant to Dr. Fairhurst) and Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science, Technology, and Research (grant to Dr. Connolly).
Description:
ISSN:
2326-5191
2326-5205
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