Single-nucleotide-resolution sequencing of human N6-methyldeoxyadenosine reveals strand-asymmetric clusters associated with SSBP1 on the mitochondrial genome

Single-nucleotide-resolution sequencing of human N6-methyldeoxyadenosine reveals strand-asymmetric clusters associated with SSBP1 on the mitochondrial genome
Title:
Single-nucleotide-resolution sequencing of human N6-methyldeoxyadenosine reveals strand-asymmetric clusters associated with SSBP1 on the mitochondrial genome
Other Titles:
Nucleic Acids Research
Keywords:
Publication Date:
09 November 2018
Citation:
Casslynn W Q Koh, Yeek Teck Goh, Joel D W Toh, Suat Peng Neo, Sarah B Ng, Jayantha Gunaratne, Yong-Gui Gao, Stephen R Quake, William F Burkholder, Wee Siong S Goh, Single-nucleotide-resolution sequencing of human N6-methyldeoxyadenosine reveals strand-asymmetric clusters associated with SSBP1 on the mitochondrial genome, Nucleic Acids Research, Volume 46, Issue 22, 14 December 2018, Pages 11659–11670, https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gky1104
Abstract:
N6-methyldeoxyadenosine (6mA) is a well-characterized DNA modification in prokaryotes but reports on its presence and function in mammals have been controversial. To address this issue, we established the capacity of 6mA-Crosslinking-Exonuclease-sequencing (6mACE-seq) to detect genome-wide 6mA at single-nucleotide-resolution, demonstrating this by accurately mapping 6mA in synthesized DNA and bacterial genomes. Using 6mACE-seq, we generated a human-genome-wide 6mA map that accurately reproduced known 6mA enrichment at active retrotransposons and revealed mitochondrial chromosome-wide 6mA clusters asymmetrically enriched on the heavy-strand. We identified a novel putative 6mA-binding protein in single-stranded DNA-binding protein 1 (SSBP1), a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication factor known to coat the heavy-strand, linking 6mA with the regulation of mtDNA replication. Finally, we characterized AlkB homologue 1 (ALKBH1) as a mitochondrial protein with 6mA demethylase activity and showed that its loss decreases mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Our results show that 6mA clusters play a previously unappreciated role in regulating human mitochondrial function, despite 6mA being an uncommon DNA modification in the human genome.
License type:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Funding Info:
Biomedical Research Council (A*STAR) Young Investigator Grant [1610151037 to W.S.S.G]; Genome Institute of Singapore [to W.S.S.G]. Funding for open access charge: Genome Institute of Singapore
Description:
ISSN:
1362-4962
0305-1048
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