Yeo, W.L., Heng, E., Tan, L.L. et al. Biosynthetic engineering of the antifungal, anti-MRSA auroramycin. Microb Cell Fact 19, 3 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12934-019-1274-y
Using an established CRISPR-Cas mediated genome editing technique for streptomycetes, we explored the combinatorial biosynthesis potential of the auroramycin biosynthetic gene cluster in Streptomyces roseosporous. Auroramycin is a potent anti-MRSA polyene macrolactam. In addition, auroramycin has antifungal activities, which is unique among structurally similar polyene macrolactams, such as incednine and silvalactam. In this work, we employed different engineering strategies to target glycosylation and acylation biosynthetic machineries within its recently elucidated biosynthetic pathway. Auroramycin analogs with variations in C-, N- methylation, hydroxylation and extender units incorporation were produced and characterized. By comparing the bioactivity profiles of five of these analogs, we determined that unique disaccharide motif of auroramycin is essential for its antimicrobial bioactivity. We further demonstrated that C-methylation of the 3, 5-epi-lemonose unit, which is unique among structurally similar polyene macrolactams, is key to its antifungal activity.
Funded by by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore and National Research Foundation, Singapore [NRF2013-THE001-094 to MMZ, FTW, YHL] and the A*STAR Visiting Investigator Program [1535j00137 to HZ].