Hemodynamic analysis of a novel stent graft design with slit perforations in thoracic aortic aneurysm

Hemodynamic analysis of a novel stent graft design with slit perforations in thoracic aortic aneurysm
Title:
Hemodynamic analysis of a novel stent graft design with slit perforations in thoracic aortic aneurysm
Other Titles:
Journal of Biomechanics
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Publication Date:
19 January 2019
Citation:
Abstract:
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been introduced as a less invasive approach to the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). However, the effectiveness of TEVAR in the treatment of TAA is often limited due to the complex anatomy of aortic arch. Flow preservation at the three supra-aortic branches further increases the overall technical difficulty. This study proposes a novel stent graft design with slit perforations that can positively alter the hemodynamics at the aortic arch while maintaining blood flow to supra-aortic branches. We carried out a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis to evaluate flow characteristics near stented aortic arch in simplified TAA models, followed by in-vitro experiments using particle image velocimetry (PIV) in a mock circulatory loop. The hemodynamics result was studied in terms of time-averaged wall shear stress (TAWSS), oscillating shear index (OSI), and endothelial cell action potential (ECAP). The results showed that the stent graft with slit perforations can reduce the disturbed flow region considerably. Furthermore, the effect of the slits on flow preservation to the supra-aortic branches was simulated and compared with experimental results. The effectiveness of the stent graft with slit perforations in preserving flow to the branches was demonstrated by both simulated and experimental results. Low TAWSS and elevated ECAP were observed in the aortic arch aneurysm after the placement of the stent graft with slits, implying the potential of thrombus formation in the aneurysm. On the other hand, the effects of the stent grafts with full-slit design and half-slit design on the shear stress did not differ significantly. The present analysis indicated that not only could the stent graft with slit perforations shield the aneurysm from rupture, but also it resulted in a favorable environment for thrombus that can contribute to the shrinkage of the aneurysm.
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PublisherCopyrights
Funding Info:
Singapore-China Joint Research Programme (project no. 1610500025).
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