C−O hydrogenolysis of tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol to 1,5-pentanediol over bi-functional nickel-tungsten catalysts

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C−O hydrogenolysis of tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol to 1,5-pentanediol over bi-functional nickel-tungsten catalysts
Title:
C−O hydrogenolysis of tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol to 1,5-pentanediol over bi-functional nickel-tungsten catalysts
Other Titles:
ChemCatChem
Publication Date:
26 September 2018
Citation:
Soghrati, E.; Poh, C. K.; Du, Y. H.; Gao, F.; Kawi, S.; Borgna, A., C−O hydrogenolysis of tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol to 1,5-pentanediol over bi-functional nickel-tungsten catalysts. ChemCatChem 2018, 10 (20), 4652-4664.
Abstract:
In this study, we report a series of bimetallic Ni−WOx catalyst for the ring‐opening of THFA into 15PDO. The structure‐performance relationship of the catalysts was discussed based on extensive characterization using techniques such as BET, H2‐TPR, NH3‐TPD, Pyr‐IR, IPA‐TPD‐MS, XRD, XPS and EXAFS/XANES. The acidity measurements show that higher W density leads to the higher amount of acid density, which could be assigned to the creation of Lewis acid sites mainly on the surface of the calcined catalysts. H2‐TPR profiles of Ni−WOx catalysts show that there is a strong interaction between Ni and W species, enhancing the reducibility of WOx. XRD measurements of calcined Ni−WOx catalysts reveal that the dispersion of Ni particles is enhanced after addition of WOx species. After reduction, different peaks corresponding to metallic Ni and WO3−x are identified for 10Ni−WOx catalysts, as well as new peak assigned to Ni−W intermetallic phase on 10Ni−30WOx catalyst. The formation of Ni−W intermetallic phase was further proved using XPS and EXAFS studies. THFA hydrogenolysis was also conducted under aqueous‐phase conditions over Ni−WOx catalysts, yielding up to 47 % selectivity to 15PDO, along with a highest combined C5 polyols (i. e., 15PDO and 125PTO) selectivity of approximately 64 %. However, the Ni−WOx catalytic system suffers from deactivation process due to the hydrothermal dissolution of the active phase. Further investigation reveals the better stability of metallic tungsten and Ni−W intermetallic phase (Ni4W) against leaching since their corresponding peaks in the XRD patterns of spent catalysts remains nearly unchanged. Finally, 1,4‐dioxane as an organic solvent was employed in THFA hydrogenolysis reaction, resulting in different product distribution, with a THP yield of around 54 %. The catalyst crystalline structure is preserved because of very low Ni and W leaching when 1,4‐dioxane is used as solvent.
License type:
PublisherCopyrights
Funding Info:
This work was supported by the Environment Technology Research Programme (ETRP) of the National Environment Agency (NEA), Singapore (ETRP 1501 103) and the Singapore International Graduate Award (SINGA) scholarship of the A*STAR Graduate Academy.
Description:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Soghrati, E.; Poh, C. K.; Du, Y. H.; Gao, F.; Kawi, S.; Borgna, A., C−O hydrogenolysis of tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol to 1,5-pentanediol over bi-functional nickel-tungsten catalysts. ChemCatChem 2018, 10 (20), 4652-4664, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201800783. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
ISSN:
1867-3880
1867-3899
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