Chin Chye Teo, William Pooi Kat Chong, Eddy Tan, Nurhidayah Binte Basri, Zhen Jie Low, Ying Swan Ho, Advances in sample preparation and analytical techniques for lipidomics study of clinical samples, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 66, 2015, Pages 1-18, ISSN 0165-9936, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2014.10.010.
Lipids play multiple key roles in biological systems, including acting as secondary energy reserves, being components of cellular membranes and participating in cell-signaling pathways. As a result, lipid defects have been implicated in the development of diseases. Consequently, the detailed analysis of lipids found in clinical samples, known as clinical lipidomics, is crucial for improving our understanding of disease mechanisms and progression, and the development of potential treatment strategies. This review documents the lipidomics workflow, beginning with a description of approaches to preparation of samples of lipids. We also describe progress in mass spectrometry technologies that led to the development of several widely-used techniques of lipid analysis. The review concludes with a discussion on the major challenges that exist in clinical lipidomics studies and looks at potential solutions that can address them.
The authors thank Dr Zhang Peiqing from the Bioprocessing Technology Institute for his invaluable suggestions in the preparation of this manuscript, as well as the financial support provided by the Biomedical Research Council of A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), Singapore, under the POLARIS program (SPF2012/001).