Compendiums of cancer transcriptomes for machine learning applications

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Compendiums of cancer transcriptomes for machine learning applications
Compendiums of cancer transcriptomes for machine learning applications
Journal Title:
Scientific Data
Publication Date:
08 October 2019
Lim, S.B., Tan, S.J., Lim, W. et al. Compendiums of cancer transcriptomes for machine learning applications. Sci Data 6, 194 (2019).
There are massive transcriptome profiles in the form of microarray. The challenge is that they are processed using diverse platforms and preprocessing tools, requiring considerable time and informatics expertise for cross-dataset analyses. If there exists a single, integrated data source, data-reuse can be facilitated for discovery, analysis, and validation of biomarker-based clinical strategy. Here, we present merged microarray-acquired datasets (MMDs) across 11 major cancer types, curating 8,386 patient-derived tumor and tumor-free samples from 95 GEO datasets. Using machine learning algorithms, we show that diagnostic models trained from MMDs can be directly applied to RNA-seq-acquired TCGA data with high classification accuracy. Machine learning optimized MMD further aids to reveal immune landscape across various carcinomas critically needed in disease management and clinical interventions. This unified data source may serve as an excellent training or test set to apply, develop, and refine machine learning algorithms that can be tapped to better define genomic landscape of human cancers.
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Funding Info:
This work was conceived and carried out at the MechanoBioEngineering laboratory at the Department of Biomedical Engineering, National University of Singapore (NUS). We acknowledge support provided by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore under its Research Centre for Excellence, Mechanobiology Institute at NUS. W.-T.L. is supported by the National Medical Research Council (NMRC/CSA/040/2012 and NMRC/CSA-INV/0025/2017). S.B.L. is supported by NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering (NGS), Mogam Science Scholarship Foundation, and Daewoong Foundation.
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