WWP2 regulates pathological cardiac fibrosis by modulating SMAD2 signaling

WWP2 regulates pathological cardiac fibrosis by modulating SMAD2 signaling
WWP2 regulates pathological cardiac fibrosis by modulating SMAD2 signaling
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Nature Communications
Publication Date:
09 August 2019
Chen, H., Moreno-Moral, A., Pesce, F. et al. WWP2 regulates pathological cardiac fibrosis by modulating SMAD2 signaling. Nat Commun 10, 3616 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11551-9
Cardiac fibrosis is a final common pathology in inherited and acquired heart diseases that causes cardiac electrical and pump failure. Here, we use systems genetics to identify a pro-fibrotic gene network in the diseased heart and show that this network is regulated by the E3 ubiquitin ligase WWP2, specifically by the WWP2-N terminal isoform. Importantly, the WWP2-regulated pro-fibrotic gene network is conserved across different cardiac diseases characterized by fibrosis: human and murine dilated cardiomyopathy and repaired tetralogy of Fallot. Transgenic mice lacking the N-terminal region of the WWP2 protein show improved cardiac function and reduced myocardial fibrosis in response to pressure overload or myocardial infarction. In primary cardiac fibroblasts, WWP2 positively regulates the expression of pro-fibrotic markers and extracellular matrix genes. TGFβ1 stimulation promotes nuclear translocation of the WWP2 isoforms containing the N-terminal region and their interaction with SMAD2. WWP2 mediates the TGFβ1-induced nucleocytoplasmic shuttling and transcriptional activity of SMAD2.
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Funding Info:
The research was primarily supported by National Medical Research Council (NMRC) Singapore grant NMRC/CBRG/0106/2016 (to E.P.) and the British Heart Foundation (BHF) Ph.D. Studentship grant FS/11/25/28740 (to E.P). We acknowledge additional funding support from European Union FP7 CardioNeT-ITN-289600 (to E.L.-P., S.A.C., and P.J.R.B.), Heart Research UK (to P.J.R.B.), NIHR CV BRU of Royal Brompton and Harefield, NHS Foundation Trust (to S.A.C. and P.J.R.B.), BHF (to S.A.C.), Leducq Foundation (to S.A.C.), MRC UK (to S.A.C.), BHF Program Grant no. RG/15/5/31446 (to C.E. and E.P.). M.P. was supported by Praemium Academiae award of the Czech Academy of Sciences and grant 14-36804G from the Czech Science Foundation. We wish to thank Dr. Jacques Behmoaras for contributing critical and constructive comments to the manuscript.
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