A preliminary investigation of circulating extracellular vesicles and biomarker discovery associated with treatment response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

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A preliminary investigation of circulating extracellular vesicles and biomarker discovery associated with treatment response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Title:
A preliminary investigation of circulating extracellular vesicles and biomarker discovery associated with treatment response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Journal Title:
BMC Cancer
Publication Date:
23 April 2019
Citation:
Rodrigues-Junior, D.M., Tan, S.S., de Souza Viana, L. et al. A preliminary investigation of circulating extracellular vesicles and biomarker discovery associated with treatment response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. BMC Cancer 19, 373 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5565-9
Abstract:
Background: There is a paucity of plasma-based biomarkers that prospectively segregate the outcome of patients with head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with chemoradiation therapy (CRT). Plasma extracellular vesicles (EVs) might be an alternative source for discovery of new specific markers present in patients with HNSCC, which could help to re-direct patients to appropriate curative therapies without delay. Methods: In order to identify new markers in plasma compartments, Cholerae toxin B chain (CTB) and Annexin V (AV) were used to isolate EVs from pooled plasma samples from patients with locally advanced HNSCC who responded (CR, n = 6) or presented incomplete response (NR, n = 6) to CRT. The crude plasma and EVs cargo were screened by antibody array. Results: Of the 370 polypeptides detected, 119 proteins were specific to NR patients while 38 were exclusive of the CR subjects. The Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) database analysis indicated that the content of circulating plasma EVs might have a relevant function for the tumor intercellular communication in the HNSCC patients. Conclusion: This study provides a list of potential markers present in plasma compartments that might contribute to the development of tools for prediction and assessment of CRT response and potentially guide therapeutic decisions in this context.
License type:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Funding Info:
This study was supported by grants from National Cancer Centre of Singapore Research Foundation (NMRC/CSA-INV/011/2016), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo – FAPESP (FAPESP, 2015/21420–3) and Exploit Technologies Pte and Biomedical Research Council (A*STAR; ETPL/12-R15GAP-0010).
Description:
ISSN:
1471-2407
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