Leong, L.; Tan, H.L.; Cua, S.; Yong, K.S.M.; Chen, Q.; Choo, A. Preclinical Activity of Embryonic Annexin A2-Specific Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cells Against Ovarian Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 381.
Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) have found clinical success in B cell malignancies, but a dearth of potential targets limits their wider clinical application, especially in solid tumours. Here, we describe the development of an anti-annexin A2 CAR, CAR(2448), derived from an antibody found to have activity against epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines. The spacer length of CAR(2448) was optimised based on in vitro cytotoxic activity against ovarian cancer (OC) cell lines via a real-time cytotoxicity assay. The longer spacer CAR(2448)L T cells exhibit significant e ector activity, inducing inflammatory cytokine release and cytotoxicity against OC cell lines. Furthermore, CAR(2448)L-BBz T cells induced enhanced survival in an in vivo OC xenograft model and reduced tumour volume by 76.6%. Our preclinical studies of CAR(2448) suggest its potential for the unmet need of novel strategies for the treatment of ovarian cancer.
This research was funded by National Research Foundation Singapore, grant number NRF-NRFF2017-03