Molecular and biochemical characterization of the NS1 protein of non-cultured influenza B virus strains circulating in Singapore

Molecular and biochemical characterization of the NS1 protein of non-cultured influenza B virus strains circulating in Singapore
Title:
Molecular and biochemical characterization of the NS1 protein of non-cultured influenza B virus strains circulating in Singapore
Other Titles:
Microbial Genomics
DOI:
10.1099/mgen.0.000082
Keywords:
Publication Date:
25 August 2016
Citation:
Jumat M, Wong P, Lee R, Maurer-Stroh S, Tan B, Sugrue R. 25/08/2016. M Gen 2(8): doi:10.1099/mgen.0.000082
Abstract:
In this study we compared the NS1 protein of Influenza B/Lee/40 and several non-cultured Influenza B virus clinical strains detected in Singapore. In B/Lee/40 virus-infected cells and in cells expressing the recombinant B/Lee/40 NS1 protein a full-length 35 kDa NS1 protein and a 23 kDa NS1 protein species (p23) were detected. Mutational analysis of the NS1 gene indicated that p23 was generated by a novel cleavage event within the linker domain between an aspartic acid and proline at amino acid residues at positions 92 and 93 respectively (DP92-93), and that p23 contained the first 92 amino acids of the NS1 protein. Sequence analysis of the Singapore strains indicated the presence of either DP92-93 or NP92-93 in the NS1 protein, but protein expression analysis showed that p23 was only detected in NS1 proteins with DP92-93.. An additional adjacent proline residue at position 94 (P94) was present in some strains and correlated with increased p23 levels, suggesting that P94 has a synergistic effect on the cleavage of the NS1 protein. The first 145 amino acids of the NS1 protein are required for inhibition of ISG15-mediated ubiquitination, and our analysis showed that Influenza B viruses circulating in Singapore with DP92-93 expressed truncated NS1 proteins and may differ in their capacity to inhibit ISG15 activity. Thus, DP92-93 in the NS1 protein may confer a disadvantage to Influenza B viruses circulating in the human population and interestingly the low frequency of DP92-93detection in the NS1 protein since 2004 is consistent with this suggestion.
License type:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Funding Info:
Description:
ISSN:
2057-5858
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