Ruchir Srivastava, Ai Ping Yow, Jun Cheng, Damon W. K. Wong, and Hong Liang Tey, "Three-dimensional graph-based skin layer segmentation in optical coherence tomography images for roughness estimation," Biomed. Opt. Express 9, 3590-3606 (2018)
Automatic skin layer segmentation in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images is important for a topographic assessment of skin or skin disease detection. However, existing methods cannot deal with the problem of shadowing in OCT images due to the presence of hair, scales, etc. In this work, we propose a method to segment the topmost layer of the skin (or the skin surface) using 3D graphs with a novel cost function to deal with shadowing in OCT images. 3D graph cuts use context information across B-scans when segmenting the skin surface, which improves the segmentation as compared to segmenting each B-scan separately. The proposed method reduces the segmentation error by more than 20% as compared to the best performing related work. The method has been applied to roughness estimation and shows a high correlation with a manual assessment. Promising results demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed method for skin layer segmentation and roughness estimation in both normal OCT images and OCT images with shadowing.