Reshaping Mobile Crowd Sensing using Cross Validation to Improve Data Credibility

Reshaping Mobile Crowd Sensing using Cross Validation to Improve Data Credibility
Title:
Reshaping Mobile Crowd Sensing using Cross Validation to Improve Data Credibility
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IEEE GLOBECOM 2017
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Publication Date:
01 December 2017
Citation:
T. Luo and L. Zeynalvand, "Reshaping Mobile Crowd Sensing using Cross Validation to Improve Data Credibility", in Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM 2017.
Abstract:
Data credibility is a crucial issue in mobile crowd sensing (MCS) and, more generally, people-centric Internet of Things (IoT). Prior work takes approaches such as incentive mechanism design and data mining to address this issue, while overlooking the power of crowds itself, which we exploit in this paper. In particular, we propose a cross validation approach which seeks a validating crowd to verify the data credibility of the original sensing crowd, and uses the verification result to reshape the original sensing dataset into a more credible posterior belief of the ground truth. Following this approach, we design a specific cross validation mechanism, which integrates four sampling techniques with a privacy-aware competency-adaptive push (PACAP) algorithm and is applicable to time-sensitive and quality-critical MCS applications. It does not require redesigning a new MCS system but rather functions as a lightweight “plug-in”, making it easier for practical adoption. Our results demonstrate that the proposed mechanism substantially improves data credibility in terms of both reinforcing obscure truths and scavenging hidden truths.
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