Rather than a Janus Kinase 2 inhibitor (ruxolitinib), a specific thrombopoietin receptor (TpoR) inhibitor would be more specific for the treatment of myeloproliferative neoplasms due to TpoR mutations.
Objective: A cell-based phenotypic approach to identify specific TpoR inhibitors was implemented and a library of 505,483 small molecules was screened for inhibitory effects on cells transformed by TpoR mutants.
Results: Among the identified hits are two analogs of 3-(4-piperidinyl) indole. The analogs showed about five-fold preferential inhibition of cell viability towards Ba/F3 cells expressing the TpoR W515L mutation compared to the parental cells. There was no significant difference in inhibition of cell viability between the TpoR wild type and the TpoR W515L mutant cells. Preferential inhibition of viability was observed in Ba/F3 cells expressing erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) when stimulated with Epo compared to stimulation with interleukin-3 (IL3). The indole analog inhibited ex vivo colony formations of primary bone marrow cells from heterozygous JAK2 V617F knock-in mice. Drug combination treatment study was performed using ruxolitinib and the indole analog. Drug synergistic effects were observed when cells were stimulated to proliferate through both the IL3 and TpoR pathways. Our compound specifically targets monoamine receptors in the rhodopsin-like receptor family of G protein-coupled receptor.