Ovary and fimbrial stem cells: biology, niche and cancer origins

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Ovary and fimbrial stem cells: biology, niche and cancer origins
Title:
Ovary and fimbrial stem cells: biology, niche and cancer origins
Journal Title:
Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology
Keywords:
Publication Date:
09 September 2015
Citation:
Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology 16, 625–638 (2015) doi:10.1038/nrm4056
Abstract:
The mammalian ovary is covered by a single-layered epithelium that undergoes rupture and remodelling following each ovulation. Although resident stem cells are presumed to be crucial for this cyclic regeneration, their identity and mode of action have been elusive. Surrogate stemness assays and in vivo fate-mapping studies using recently discovered stem cell markers have identified stem cell pools in the ovary and fimbria that ensure epithelial homeostasis. Recent findings provide insights into intrinsic mechanisms and local extrinsic cues that govern the function of ovarian and fimbrial stem cells. These discoveries have advanced our understanding of stem cell biology in the ovary and fimbria, and lay the foundations for evaluating the contribution of resident stem cells to the initiation and progression of human epithelial ovarian cancer.
License type:
PublisherCopyrights
Funding Info:
Description:
ISSN:
1471-0072
1471-0080
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