S. B. Yeap, X. Qing and Z. N. Chen, "77-GHz Dual-Layer Transmit-Array for Automotive Radar Applications," in IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 2833-2837, June 2015. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2419691
A 77-GHz transmit-array on dual-layer printed circuit board (PCB) is proposed for automotive radar applications. Coplanar patch unit-cells are etched on opposite sides of the PCB and connected by through-via. The unit-cells are arranged in concentric rings to form the transmit-array for 1-bit in-phase transmission. When combined with four-substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) slot antennas as the primary feeds, the transmit-array is able to generate four beams with a specific coverage of ±15°. The simulated and measured results of the antenna prototype at 76.5 GHz agree well, with gain greater than 18.5 dBi. The coplanar structure significantly simplifies the transmit-array design and eases the fabrication, in particular, at millimeter-wave frequencies.
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