CMOS Compatible Midinfrared Wavelength-Selective Thermopile for High Temperature Applications

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CMOS Compatible Midinfrared Wavelength-Selective Thermopile for High Temperature Applications
Title:
CMOS Compatible Midinfrared Wavelength-Selective Thermopile for High Temperature Applications
Journal Title:
Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems
Keywords:
Publication Date:
01 February 2015
Citation:
Huchuan Zhou; Kropelnicki, P.; Chengkuo Lee, "CMOS Compatible Midinfrared Wavelength-Selective Thermopile for High Temperature Applications," Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of , vol.24, no.1, pp.144,154, Feb. 2015 doi: 10.1109/JMEMS.2014.2322675
Abstract:
In this paper, the design, fabrication, and testing of a CMOS compatible mid-infrared (mid-IR) thermo pile sensor comprising a stacked double layer thermo pile and an interferometric absorber is reported. The devices are all fabricated in CMOS compatible process. The length and width of the thermocouple are 600 and 12 μm, respectively. One thermo pile consists of 96 thermocouple pairs. The thickness of the poly-Si strips is 300 nm and the thickness of the SiO2 electrical isolation layer is 150 nm. The interferometric absorber is formed by a stacked three layer of 7-nm TiN, 250-nm amorphous silicon, and 300-nm Al. The measurement using blackbody with temperature of 470 °C was conducted at ambient temperature from −50 °C to 300 °C. The results show that the responsivity and the detectivity of this thermopile mid-IR sensor vary from 130 to 463 V/W and 3.8 ∗ 106 cm ∗ Hz1/2 ∗ W−1 to 1.3 ∗ 107 cm ∗ Hz1/2 ∗ W−1, respectively. And the time constant of the mid-IR sensor is 33 ms. The maximum output voltage is measured at 190 °C, where the responsivity and the detectivity are 425.7 V/W and 1.25∗107 cm ∗ Hz1/2 ∗ W−1, respectively.
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PublisherCopyrights
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Description:
(c) 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.
ISSN:
1057-7157
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