Glycine Decarboxylase Activity Drives Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Tumor-Initiating Cells and Tumorigenesis

Glycine Decarboxylase Activity Drives Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Tumor-Initiating Cells and Tumorigenesis
Title:
Glycine Decarboxylase Activity Drives Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Tumor-Initiating Cells and Tumorigenesis
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Cell
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Publication Date:
05 January 2012
Citation:
Glycine Decarboxylase Activity Drives Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Tumor-Initiating Cells and Tumorigenesis Wen Cai Zhang, Ng Shyh-Chang, He Yang, Amit Rai, Shivshankar Umashankar, Siming Ma, Boon Seng Soh, Li Li Sun, Bee Choo Tai, Min En Nga, Kishore Kumar Bhakoo, Senthil Raja Jayapal, Massimo Nichane, Qiang Yu, Dokeu A. Ahmed, Christie Tan, Wong Poo Sing, John Tam, Agasthian Thirugananam, Monireh Soroush Noghabi, Yin Huei Pang, Haw Siang Ang, Wayne Mitchell, Paul Robson, Philipp Kaldis, Ross Andrew Soo, Sanjay Swarup, Elaine Hsuen Lim, Bing Lim Cell - 20 January 2012 (Vol. 148, Issue 1, pp. 259-272)
Abstract:
Identification of the factors critical to the tumor-initiating cell (TIC) state may open new avenues in cancer therapy. Here we show that the metabolic enzyme glycine decarboxylase (GLDC) is critical for TICs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). TICs from primary NSCLC tumors express high levels of the oncogenic stem cell factor LIN28B and GLDC, which are both required for TIC growth and tumorigenesis. Overexpression of GLDC and other glycine/serine enzymes, but not catalytically inactive GLDC, promotes cellular transformation and tumorigenesis. We found that GLDC induces dramatic changes in glycolysis and glycine/serine metabolism, leading to changes in pyrimidine metabolism to regulate cancer cell proliferation. In the clinic, aberrant activation of GLDC correlates with poorer survival in lung cancer patients, and aberrant GLDC expression is observed in multiple cancer types. This link between glycine metabolism and tumorigenesis may provide novel targets for advancing anticancer therapy.
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ISSN:
0092-8674
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